We know that forests and trees are essential for our survival which makes it more crucial for us to focus on the Conservation of forest and wildlife.
Forests and trees are required:–
• To maintain the balance of gases in the atmosphere.
• To reduce the pollution level on earth by reducing the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.
• To maintain the temperature.
• To maintain the nutrients, content, and texture and improve the fertility of the soil.
• To maintain the level of groundwater.
Conservation of forest and wildlife: We should do all the efforts to conserve forests and wildlife
• The government lays down rules, methods, and policies to protect and conserve them.
• To protect our flora and fauna and their habitats, protected areas have been embarked like-
- National parks
- Biosphere reserves
Sanctuaries are the areas where animals are protected from any danger to them and their habitat. National parks are the areas reserved for wildlife where they can freely use their habitats and natural resources. Biosphere reserves are large areas of protected land for the conservation of forest and wildlife.
Plant and animal resources and the traditional life of the tribes living in these areas are protected. Plantation, cultivation, grazing, cutting of trees, hunting, and poaching are strictly prohibited in these areas.
Smaller animals are much more in danger of extinction as compared to bigger animals. We kill snakes, frogs, lizards, bats, and owls ruthlessly without even realizing their importance in the ecosystem. In fact, by killing them we are harming ourselves.
We are disturbing the eco system by destroying forests and wildlife. Animals whose number has reduced to such a level that they might face extinction in future are known as Endangered animals.
Therefore, to protect our flora and fauna and their habitats, protected areas like national parks have been embarked.
National Parks are the areas reserved for wild life where they can freely use the habitats and natural resources.
These are large and diverse enough to protect whole set of eco systems.
Some Indian National parks and Projects are.
|Anshi National Park||Karnataka|
|Balphakram National Park||Meghalaya|
|Bandhavgarh National Park||Madhya Pradesh|
|Corbett National Park||Uttarakhand|
|Desert National Park||Rajasthan|
|Eravikulam National Park||Kerala|
|Gangotri National Park||Uttarakhand|
|Gir National Park||Gujarat|
|Indravati National Park||Chhattisgarh|
|Kalesar National Park||Haryana|
|Kaziranga National Park||Assam|
|Khangchendzonga National Park||Sikkim|
|Manas National Park||Assam|
|Mollem National Park||Goa|
|Mudumalai National Park||Tamil Nadu|
|Nandankanan National Park||Orissa|
The biosphere is that part of the earth, on which living organisms exist or which supports life. It is a combination of Lithosphere, Hydrosphere, and Atmosphere. To protect our biological diversity (flora and fauna), it is essential to protect our biosphere. So biosphere reserve is embarked.
Biosphere reserves are the large areas of protected land for the conservation of wildlife, plant and animal resources, and the traditional life of the tribal people living in these areas. Therefore Biosphere Reserves are used for the conservation of biodiversity. In biosphere reserves, one can easily appreciate the green wealth of the forests, tall trees, and animals.
Biosphere Reserves situated in India are:-
|Rann of Kuchch/ gyan bharati Reserve||Gujarat|
|Gulf of Mannar||Tamil Nadu|
|Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve||Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Karnataka|
|Dehong Deband||Arunachal Pradesh|
|Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve||Madhya Pradesh|
|Achanakamar – Amarkantak||Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh|
|Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve||Kerala|
|Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve||Andaman and Nicobar Islands|
Wild Life Sanctuary
To protect our flora and fauna and their habitats, protected areas have been embarked by the govt. One of such protected area is wild life sanctuary. Wild life Sanctuary is an area where animals are protected from any disturbances to them and their habitat. It provides protection and suitable living conditions to wild animals. Here hunting and poaching is prohibited.
Our wildlife sanctuaries are unique landscapes, broad level forests, mountain forests and bush lands in deltas of big rivers.
They help us to conserve threatened wild animals. Some of the threatened animals are:-
Blackbuck, white-eyed buck, elephant, golden cat, pink-headed duck, python, rhinoceros, etc.
There are more than 551 wildlife sanctuaries in India.
|Andhra Pradesh||Srisailam Sanctuary|
|Gujarat||Sasangir Wildlife Sanctuary|
|Haryana||Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary|
|Kerala||Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary, Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary|
|Karnataka||B R Hills Wildlife Sanctuary, Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary|
|Madhya Pradesh||Karera Wildlife Sanctuary|
|Maharashtra||Sanjay Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary|
|Orissa||Chilka Lake Bird Sanctuary|
|Rajasthan||Sambhar Wildlife Sanctuary|
|Uttar Pradesh||Hastinapur Sanctuary, Kishanpur Sanctuary, National Chambal Sanctuary|
|Uttarakhand||Assan Barrage Bird Sanctuary|
|West Bengal||Satkosia Basipalli Sanctuary|
Though the wildlife sanctuaries are protected areas sometimes their protected forests are not safe because people living in the neighborhood encroach upon them and destroy them.