Specialized Agencies of UNO: ILO, WHO, IMF, and Others – Class 8

Specialized Agencies of UNO

So, what are specialized agencies? The agencies which are set up for a particular purpose or for a particular field are known as specialized agencies. These agencies work for human welfare and international cooperation throughout the world. They work under the supervision of the UN Economic and Social Council. The agencies of the UN receive donations from governments of various countries, Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs), and individuals.

Membership of U.N.O.: The membership of the United Nations is open to all peace-loving nations that accept the principles of the UN Charter. English and French are commonly used languages.

The UN Flag: It is light blue in color with a white emblem in the center. The Emblem has a world map with twin olive branches around it that denotes peace.

Languages: The official work of the UN is carried out in six languages, namely, Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish.

What are the specialized agencies of the UNO?

Let us learn about the specialized agencies of the UNO.

Finance of the U.N.O:

The U.N.O. is financed by the contributions made by its member-states. The amount is determined by the General Assembly on the recommendations of its committee.

International Labor Organization (ILO):-

The ILO was established in 1919 as a special agency of the League of Nations. It became the first specialized agency of the United Nations in 1946. The headquarters of ILO is situated in Geneva, Switzerland.

Functions of ILO:-
1. It sets standards for wages and living conditions of the workers.
2. It forms policies for improving the condition of the workers.
3. It has banned the employment of children below 14 years of age in factories, mines, etc.
4. It creates awareness among the workers about economic development by offering opportunities for study and training.

The ILO was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1969 in recognition of its activities.

World Health Organization (WHO):-

The World Health Organisation (WHO) is the United Nations agency for health. It was established on 7th April 1948.

Where is the headquarters of the WHO?

The headquarters of WHO is situated in Geneva, Switzerland. April 7 is celebrated as World Health Day every year. The primary objective of the WHO is to attain “the highest possible level of health” for all.

Functions of WHO:
a. It helps to improve the general health of the people around the world.
b. It carries out researches regarding different diseases in the field of the medical field.
c. It provides vaccination to fight different epidemics and diseases in the world.
d. It works for providing a pure water supply, sanitation system, and health education to all the people.

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Every country has its currency that cannot be used in international transactions. For that purpose, an international exchange currency is required. In international trade, four currencies have been recognized as reliable exchange media. These are:
• The pound sterling of Great Britain
• The rouble of Russia
• The dollar of the USA
• The euro among European countries

It undertakes the buying and selling of gold in the international market. The headquarters of IMO is situated in Washington.

Questions

1. World Health Organization was established on ____________.
a. 7th April 1944
b. 7th April 1947
c. 7th April 1946
d. 7th April 1948

2. The ILO was established in ______________.
a. 1914
b. 1922
c. 1925
d. 1919

3. The headquarters of WHO is situated in ________.
a. Washington
b. Amsterdam
c. New York
d. Geneva

4. Which one of the following is not an official language of the U.N.O.?
a. Arabic
b. French
c. Chinese
d. German

5. The UN Flag is light blue in color with a _________ emblem in the center.
a. yellow
b. green
c. red
d. white

Exercise: Test your mind

Fill in the blanks:-

a. The headquarters of ILO is situated in Geneva.
b. The primary objective of the WHO is to attain “the highest possible level of health” for all.
c. Winston Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin met in Tehran from 28th November to 2nd December 1943.
d. 24 October is celebrated as the United Nations Day every year.
e. The ILO was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1969 in recognition of its activities.

State True / False:-

a. The U.N.O. headquarters are situated in New York (USA).
True
b. WHO helps to improve the general health of the people around the world.
True
c. IMF works for maintaining international peace and security. False
d. Specialized agencies are working under the Economical and Social Council of the UN. True
e. The headquarters of IMF is situated in Geneva. False

Read More: What Are The 6 Organs of UNO: Achievements and Failures – Class 8

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