APJ Abdul Kalam Essay | Biography | 800+ Words

Avul Plair Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, also known as Missile man of India. He was the 11th President of India and also an Aerospace scientist. He served 5 years as a president in India (2002-2007). He played a huge role in developing India’s nuclear and missile programs. here we have shared Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Essay for kids in english.

Childhood of Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam

APJ Abdul Kalam was born on 15 October in 1931 at Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu. He was born in a Tamil Muslim family. Abdul Kalam was the youngest of five siblings. Kalam always helped his family from an early age. He was very interested in the study from his childhood, mainly in mathematics. From school days Kalam was described as one of the bright and hardworking students.


Abdul’s father’s name was Jainulabdeen and he was the owner of a boat in a local mosque. His mother’s name was Ashiamma and she was a housewife. Abdul had four more siblings and he is the youngest among five of them. Their names are Mohammed Muthu Meera Lebbai Maraikayar, Mustafa Kalam, Kasim Mohammed and a sister named Asim Zohra.

His ancestors had a lot of wealth and a lot of properties. His family was used to be mainly a common trader between the mainland of Srilanka to other islands such as Pamban Island. So the title “Mara Kalam Iyakkivar” and “Marakier” was given to his family. But the time near 1920 his family business was failed and they lost most of the wealth. By the time Abdul Kalam was born their family was in a very bad state.

Education and Struggles

Kalam was very serious and hardworking in his study life, He had learning desire in him as described by his school teachers. He pursued his matriculation form a higher secondary school in Ramanathapuram named Schwartz Higher Secondary School. In the year of 1955, he became a physics graduate from Saint Joseph’s College in Tiruchirappalli. After that, he went to Madras for further study, from Madras Institute of Technology he did his aerospace engineering.

His dream of becoming a fighter pilot cold not fulfilled as there were only eight positions available in IAF and he came at the ninth place. After graduation, he became a member of the “Defence Research and Development Service” and joined the “Aeronautical Development Establishment” as a scientist.

Failures and Success of Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam

Kalam did a lot for our country whether as a president or a scientist. When he was a part of the “INCOSPAR” committee, He has worked under the space scientist named Vikram Sarabhai. In 1969 Kalam was transferred to ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization). The project Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III) which was the country’s one of the important project was led by Abdul Kalam,

He was the head of the project. “Rohini” satellite was launched by SLV-III successfully near-earth orbit under Kalam’s leadership in July 1980. “Project Valiant” and “Project Devil” in 1970 were not successful but “Project Devil” played a huge role in the foundation of “Prithvi Missile” in 1980. He became the lead in the “Integrated Guided Missile Development program” (IGMDP) for which he had to become the chief of DRDO in 1983. Prithvi and Agni were developed by him under this mission.

He achieved one of the biggest successes in his life in May 1998, In “Pokhran-II” nuclear tests by India, he played an important role and lead the team. He became a national hero after the success of the tests and his popularity increased.

NDA (National Democratic Alliance) chose Kalam as the presidential nominee of India in 2002 and later he became the President. He served 5 years as president till 25th July 2007, he became the 11th president of India. During his time of president, he had a different work style and a very good connection with people, especially youth.

That’s why he was called “The people’s President”. According to the man himself, signing the “Office of Profit Bill” was the most difficult job in his tenure. He had to face many criticisms for some decisions he made.

He came into controversy when he recommended the president’s rule in Bihar. Another time he faced criticism when he did not take any action on mercy petitions, he only signed 1 of 21 mercy petitions.

Abdul Kalam became a visiting professor after the time end of his presidential era. He became a visiting professor at the “Indian Institute of Management” (IIM) Ahmadabad, “Indian Institute of Management (IIM) Indore, “Indian Institute of Management” (IIM) Shillong. At Anna University he becomes a professor of Aerospace Engineering also he taught information technology.

He served many years in the “Indian Institute of Information technology” (IISc) both Bangalore and Thiruvananthapuram. He also taught Information technology at the “International Institute of Information Technology” (IIIT) Hyderabad and Bananas Hindu University.

He shared his knowledge in many other academic instate all over India. A program was launched for youth by Kalam to defeat corruption and bring efficiency which was named “What Can I Give Movement” in 2012.

Awards and Achievements

Kalam was awarded many awards in his whole lifetime. In the year 1981, he was awarded “Padma Bhusan” which is the third-highest civilian reward in the Republic of India. Then in 1990, He was awarded Padma Vivushan which is the second-highest civilian reward in the Republic of India.

In the year 1997 government of India awarded Abdul Kalam the “Bharat Ratna” which is a highest civilian award of the Republic of India and also in the same year he got awarded the “Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration” by “Indian National Congress” which is given after the name of former president Indira Gandhi. Following the next year in 1998, he won the “Veer Savarkar Award”.

Then in the year 2000, he won the award “Ramanujan Award” by SASTRA (Shanmugha Arts, Science, Technology and Research Academy). He won the British award “King Charles II Medal” in the year 2007, for the contribution to scientific advances in India. In the year 2009 he was awarded the “Hoover Medal”, it is an American prize given to outstanding persons with extra-career services. APJ Abdul Kalam Essay is incomplete without sharing his great achievements. Remember to include this while you are writing an essay on APJ Abdul Kalam.

APJ Abdul Kalam Quotes

Here are the quotes that you can include in your APJ Abdul Kalam Essay:

In his extraordinary time of life, he left some quotes that can motivate everyone from child to elderly person. Here are some famous inspirational quotes from him.

1. Let us sacrifice our today so that our children can have a better tomorrow.

2. Science is a beautiful gift to humanity, we should not distort it.

3. Look at the sky, we are not alone. The whole universe is friendly to us and conspires only to give the best to those who dream and work.

4. The purpose of education is to make good human beings with skill and expertise. Enlightened human beings can be created by teachers.

5. Climbing to the top demands strength, whether it is to the top of Mount Everest or the top of your career.

6. You have to dream before your dreams can come true.

7. If you want to shine like a sun, first burn like a sun.

8. Teaching is a very noble profession that shapes the character, caliber, and the future of an individual. If people remember me as a good teacher, that will be the biggest honor for me.

9. We should not give up and we should not allow the problem to defeat us.

10. Never stop fighting until you arrive at your destined place – that is, the unique you. Have an aim in life, continuously acquire knowledge, work hard, and have the perseverance to realize a great life.

APJ Abdul Kalam was known for many of the great astonishment in his life. He was known as the missile man of India because in the Pokhran II nuclear tests he was the lead architect and the brain behind it. He was known as the 11th president of India. He was also known for the work he did on the development of ballistic and other missiles. He was famous for his connection with the young generations.

Contribution to India

From scientific contribution to president contribution, he has done many great things for India. In his lead India’s first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle was made. Dr. Kalam was the director when Project Devil and Project Valiant were developed though it was not successful it gave us Agni and Prithvi tow of the missile developed by the lead of Kalam.

He was the brain behind the Pokhran II nuclear test, for which India now is a nuclear weapon state. The rugged tablet computer was made for workers in the rural area for medical emergencies by Kalam in 2012. He and his team develop lightweight orthosis calipers to make walking less painful for kids.

Books Written by him and dedicated to him

He wrote many books in his lifetime some of the famous ones are, Agni ki Udaan (1999), India 2020 (1998), Ignited Minds (2002), Naa Jeevana Gamanam (2013), Turning Points: A journey through challenges (2012), Indominate Spirit (2006), You Are Born To Blossom (2008). You can include these in your APJ Abdul Kalam Essay and some other writers dedicated to some books on him such as APJ Abdul Kalam written by Arun Tiwari, Advantage of India written by Srijan Pal Singh.


APJ Abdul Kalam was a very kind-hearted person who did countless things for India selflessly. He is the reason that we are a nuclear state today. He not only became president and did a lot of good for India but in the history of the missile he has an extreme contribution. We have everything that you need to write a great APJ Abdul Kalam Essay.

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